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Threat Information Services Quiz Answers NSE 2 Information Security Awareness Fortinet

Question 1: Which statement about cyber-attacks is true?

  • It is important that individuals become more aware of and knowledgeable about any attacks.
  • Sharing intelligence among security vendors is the best way to fight threats.
  • There is no secrecy within security vendors and all information is shared.
  • As bad actors continue to evolve it is important to invest in expensive security products.
  • Security products and threat intelligence services that can act together in real time stand the best chance of stopping these attacks.

Question 2: Which are three functions of sandboxing? (Choose three.)

  • Sandboxing quarantines suspicious files and immediately flags them as malware.
  • Depending on the configuration, the owner of the sandbox can propagate this new knowledge across their network security environment.
  • After some time, if nothing malicious is detected in the quarantined files, the sandbox declares them as safe and releases them from quarantine.
  • Sandboxing products take a suspect file and places it in an environment where its behaviors can be closely analyzed.
  • Sandboxes can send the details to the vendor’s threat intelligence service so that the details can be shared worldwide.

Question 3: In the early days of threat intelligence service, in which three timeframes were vendor updates released? (Choose three.)

  • Once a year
  • Every week
  • Monthly
  • Twice a year
  • Quarterly

Question 4: What happens when each known malware file is represented by a one-to-one signature approach?

  • It does not scale well, because the number of malware files increases by millions or more each day.
  • The malware count increases daily, however it can be detected early by a one-to-one signature approach.
  • There are more vendor organizations that are able to keep up with the increasing number of malware files.
  • Malware-as-a-service organizations provide do-it-yourself malware kits as a solution.
  • The variations of malware are easily detected thanks to the affordability of malware kits.
  • Clear my choice

Question 5: What happened when malware became more sophisticated and able to change its own file content?

  • Less sophisticated malware was still able to evade classic signature-based scanning.
  • One new type of malware was detected per year, resulting in the growth of the malware family.
  • Malware signatures did not change, and it was not able to sneak by older antivirus products.
  • A single type of malware did not multiply and no bad behavior was detected.
  • A single type of malware became an entire malware family, consisting of perhaps thousands of different files, but each file performing the same bad behaviors.

Question 6: The threat intelligence service catalogs data about existing or emerging attacks, including the specific mechanisms of the attack, and evidence that the attack has happened.

  • What is this data also known as?
  • Sandboxing
  • Intelligence catalogs
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Indicators of compromise
  • Machine learning

Question 7: Which behavior does a sandbox look for when searching for malware?
Select one:

  • Behaved abnormally*
  • Exploited known software weakness
  • Failed check sum
  • Matched signatures

Question 8:Which statement best describes an indicator of compromise (IoC)?
Select one:

  • A list of network devices that are known to be compromised
  • Sources of potential threat actors and their sponsors
  • Evidence that a cyberattack has happened or is ongoing*
  • Valuable information about computer systems and the network

Question 9:Which two organizations are examples of a threat intelligence service that serves the wider security community? (Choose two.)
Select one or more:

  • NIST
  • Malware-as-a-Service
  • Cyber Threat Alliance*
  • FortiGuard Labs*

Question 10:What is the sandbox detection method known as?
Select one:

  • Heuristic detection
  • Check sum detection
  • Signature-based detection
  • Rule-based detection

Question 11:Which method best defeats unknown malware?
Select one:

  • Predicted malware detection
  • Web filtering
  • Sandboxing*
  • Signature-based detection

Question 12:Which statement best describes polymorphic malware?
Select one:

  • Polymorphic malware is malware that exploits an unknown security weakness in an application or OS
  • Polymorphic malware is unsophisticated malware that can evade signature-based scanning.
  • Polymorphic malware is a malware family with thousands of variants but behaving the same way.*
  • Polymorphic malware is malware that remains unique and unchanging.

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