Question 1: Which statement about cyber-attacks is true?
- It is important that individuals become more aware of and knowledgeable about any attacks.
- Sharing intelligence among security vendors is the best way to fight threats.
- There is no secrecy within security vendors and all information is shared.
- As bad actors continue to evolve it is important to invest in expensive security products.
- Security products and threat intelligence services that can act together in real time stand the best chance of stopping these attacks.
Question 2: Which are three functions of sandboxing? (Choose three.)
- Sandboxing quarantines suspicious files and immediately flags them as malware.
- Depending on the configuration, the owner of the sandbox can propagate this new knowledge across their network security environment.
- After some time, if nothing malicious is detected in the quarantined files, the sandbox declares them as safe and releases them from quarantine.
- Sandboxing products take a suspect file and places it in an environment where its behaviors can be closely analyzed.
- Sandboxes can send the details to the vendor’s threat intelligence service so that the details can be shared worldwide.
Question 3: In the early days of threat intelligence service, in which three timeframes were vendor updates released? (Choose three.)
- Once a year
- Every week
- Twice a year
Question 4: What happens when each known malware file is represented by a one-to-one signature approach?
- It does not scale well, because the number of malware files increases by millions or more each day.
- The malware count increases daily, however it can be detected early by a one-to-one signature approach.
- There are more vendor organizations that are able to keep up with the increasing number of malware files.
- Malware-as-a-service organizations provide do-it-yourself malware kits as a solution.
- The variations of malware are easily detected thanks to the affordability of malware kits.
- Clear my choice
Question 5: What happened when malware became more sophisticated and able to change its own file content?
- Less sophisticated malware was still able to evade classic signature-based scanning.
- One new type of malware was detected per year, resulting in the growth of the malware family.
- Malware signatures did not change, and it was not able to sneak by older antivirus products.
- A single type of malware did not multiply and no bad behavior was detected.
- A single type of malware became an entire malware family, consisting of perhaps thousands of different files, but each file performing the same bad behaviors.
Question 6: The threat intelligence service catalogs data about existing or emerging attacks, including the specific mechanisms of the attack, and evidence that the attack has happened.
- What is this data also known as?
- Intelligence catalogs
- Artificial intelligence
- Indicators of compromise
- Machine learning
Question 7: Which behavior does a sandbox look for when searching for malware?
- Behaved abnormally*
- Exploited known software weakness
- Failed check sum
- Matched signatures
Question 8:Which statement best describes an indicator of compromise (IoC)?
- A list of network devices that are known to be compromised
- Sources of potential threat actors and their sponsors
- Evidence that a cyberattack has happened or is ongoing*
- Valuable information about computer systems and the network
Question 9:Which two organizations are examples of a threat intelligence service that serves the wider security community? (Choose two.)
Select one or more:
- Cyber Threat Alliance*
- FortiGuard Labs*
Question 10:What is the sandbox detection method known as?
- Heuristic detection
- Check sum detection
- Signature-based detection
- Rule-based detection
Question 11:Which method best defeats unknown malware?
- Predicted malware detection
- Web filtering
- Signature-based detection
Question 12:Which statement best describes polymorphic malware?
- Polymorphic malware is malware that exploits an unknown security weakness in an application or OS
- Polymorphic malware is unsophisticated malware that can evade signature-based scanning.
- Polymorphic malware is a malware family with thousands of variants but behaving the same way.*
- Polymorphic malware is malware that remains unique and unchanging.