Question no. 1 Illana Lancaster presented Van Soest and Bryant’s Tri- Level Nature of Violence. ____________ is common. It is when social norms and assumptions go unchallenged. When negative stereotypes are accepted.
- Individual violence
- Structural-cultural violence
- Institutional violence
Question no. 2 ______________ is a process of communication that occurs over time. It is a process to increase understanding between parties.
Question no. 3 In the 2014 conflict between Russia and the Ukraine, the Russian government was allegedly supplying arms to rebel groups in the east of Ukraine, and the Ukrainian government was undertaking police actions or military actions to try to regain control of the eastern provinces. This example falls into ___________ on the curve of conflict.
- Violent Conflict
Question no. 4 Conflict is…
- Neutral. It depends on how one manages and responds to conflict that will determine whether or not it’s positive or negative.
- Negative. It leads to fighting, violence, and war. It should be avoided.
- Positive. It presents an opportunity for change. It should be encouraged.
Question no. 5 The Curve of Conflict highlights four levels of violence: Peace, Unstable Peace, Crisis, and War. Unstable Peace is characterized by…
- Heightened tensions
- Systematic violent acts
- Localized attacks across an international border
Question no. 6 In seeking to counter violent extremism, it’s important to look at how we counter an extremist narrative and how we offer an alternative narrative while addressing the root causes of extremist violence.
Question no. 7 ________ is a process of communication and engaging in joint problem-solving to find a solution that meets
- the needs of both parties.
Question no. 8 Peace through ________ is a strategy for achieving peace that assumes human beings have basic needs that must be met. Based on these assumptions, peace is advanced and protected through the organized power of people demanding and securing their rights and basic needs.
Question no. 9 Peace through __________ is a strategy for achieving peace that assumes that human beings are rational actors and that conflicts can be managed and resolved without violence by appealing to common interests. Based on this assumption peace is maintained and built by setting up institutions that
- establish laws, help form treaties, and facilitate negotiations between parties in conflict.
Question no. 10 When going into a country, it is important to understand what went wrong and right in previous experiences of the same country in order to implement more successful peace processes.