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Scrum Fundamentals Certified exam Answers

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How many categories of roles are defined in Scrum?

  • 5
  • 6
  • 3
  • 2

Who approves User Stories for a Sprint?

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Stakeholder
  • Scrum Team

Which process ensures early delivery of high value?

  • Conduct Daily Standup
  • Create Prioritized Product Backlog
  • Ship Deliverables
  • Retrospect Sprint

The table given below represents the differences between Scrum and Traditional Project Management. Identify the errors in columns B and C of the table and choose the option that correctly lists those errors.

Column A (Criteria) Column B – Scrum    Column C – Traditional

Upfront Planning      I. High            V. High

Quality Assurance     II. Project/Program/Portfolio centric          VI. Process Centric

Leadership     III. Servant leadership, collaborative          VII. Team Work and cooperation

Customer involvement          IV. High throughout the project      VIII. High throughout the project

  • III – VI
  • III – V – VI
  • I – II – VII – VIII
  • III – IV – VI

Flexibility on Scrum projects is achieved through which of the following?

  • Specialized teams.
  • Detailed upfront planning.
  • Value-based Prioritization.
  • Non-iterative delivery.

Terson Technologies is working on a month-long software development project for an airline company. Time-boxing is an important Scrum principle. Which of the following pairs has been incorrectly Time-boxed according to general Scrum practice?

  • Daily Standup: 15 minutes
  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting: 8 hours
  • Sprint Planning Meeting: 8 hours
  • Sprint Review Meeting: 4 hours

Which of the following statements best describes Time-boxing?

  • This principle describes how time is considered a limiting constraint in Scrum, and used to help effectively manage project planning and execution. The elements in Scrum subject to this principle include Sprints, Daily Standup Meetings, Sprint Planning Meetings, and Sprint Review Meetings
  • This principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout.
  • This principle focuses on today’s workers, who deliver significantly greater value when encouraged to self-organize rather than be subject to the command and control style of traditional project management.
  • This principle focuses on the three core dimensions related to collaborative work: awareness, articulation, and appropriation. It also advocates project management as a shared value-creation process with teams working and interacting together to deliver the greatest value

In a job interview, you are asked to define a distinguishing characteristic of Scrum as compared to various traditional project management methods. Which of the following will be the best answer?

  • Product development is a shared value-creation process.
  • Iterative development helps manage changes effectively.
  • Emphasis is on delivering maximum business value in a minimum time span.
  • Time is a limiting constraint.

All of the following are the benefits of collaboration in Scrum projects, EXCEPT:

  • Continuous improvement, which leads to better processes.
  • Increased competition, which increases team motivation.
  • Minimized Change Requests, which reduces rework.
  • Mitigated risks, which increases efficiency.

Which principle is used to help effectively manage project planning and execution?

  • Time-Boxing
  • Collaboration
  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Self-organization

________ is created during the Stakeholder meeting

  • Product Backlog
  • Acceptance criteria
  • Project Vision
  • Roles and Responsibilities

What is the primary purpose of the Demonstrate and Validate Sprint process?

  • To secure approval and acceptance of the product or service by the Product Owner.
  • To discuss dependencies across teams.
  • To retrospect the project and identify, document, and internalize the lessons learned.
  • To develop the functionality described in each User Story

Collaboration is one of the Scrum principles. Which of the following are the three dimensions of this principle?

  • Awareness, Articulation, and Appropriation.
  • Transparency, Precision, and Coordination.
  • Perfection, Cooperation, and Comprehension.
  • Honesty, Responsiveness, and Adaptability.

Which of the following is NOT a Scrum principle?

  • Collaboration.
  • Iterative Development.
  • Refined Reporting.
  • Value-based Prioritization.

Which of the following processes helps ensure high value deliverables are provided to the customer?

  • Ship Deliverables
  • Retrospect Sprint
  • Conduct Daily Standup
  • Create Prioritized Product Backlog

Which three ideas emphasizes the core philosophy of Scrum?

  • Transparency, correction, and initialization
  • Transparency, inspection, and adaptation
  • Initiation, correction, and adaptation
  • Transparency, initiation, and adaptation

In which process is Done Criteria established?

  • Develop Epic(s)
  • Form Scrum Team
  • Create Prioritized Product Backlog
  • Create Project Vision

Scrum projects welcome change by using short, iterative ________ that incorporate customer feedback into the deliverables.

  • Sprints
  • Stages
  • Change requests
  • Daily Standup meetings

Which role in Scrum plays the role of a facilitator and ensures that the Scrum Team is provided with an environment conducive to completing the project successfully?

  • Team Leader
  • Scrum Team
  • Scrum Master
  • Product Owner

Which of the following best describes the role of a Stakeholder?

  • It is an optional role, which generally consists of a set of documents and/or a group of experts who are typically involved with defining objectives related to quality, government regulations, security, and other key organizational parameters.
  • It is a collective term that includes customers, users, and sponsors, who frequently interface with the Scrum Core Team, and influence the project throughout development.
  • It is a role in bigger projects with multiple Scrum Teams. This role is responsible for coordinating the work of multiple Product Owners.
  • It is responsible to coordinate Scrum-related activities in large projects which may require multiple Scrum Teams to work in parallel.

What is/are developed during User Group meetings?.

  • Product Backlog
  • Project Vision statement
  • Epic(s)
  • Acceptance criteria

Which of the following statements best describes Collaboration?

  • This principle describes how time is considered a limiting constraint in Scrum, and used to help effectively manage project planning and execution. Time-boxed elements in Scrum include Sprints, Daily Standup Meetings, Sprint Planning Meetings, and Sprint Review Meetings
  • This principle focuses on today’s workers, who deliver significantly greater value when encouraged to self-organize rather than be subject to the command and control style of traditional project management.
  • This principle focuses on the three core dimensions related to collaborative work: awareness, articulation, and appropriation. It also advocates project management as a shared value-creation process with teams working and interacting together to deliver the greatest value
  • This principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout.

________ is defined as the ability of completed products or deliverables to meet Acceptance Criteria.

  • Scope
  • Risk
  • Quality
  • Project closure

______________ is responsible for providing guidelines about quality which may be relevant to all Scrum projects in the organization?

  • Scrum Master
  • Chief Scrum Master
  • Scrum Guidance Body
  • Program Product Owner

Which of the following statements is the best description of the Product Owner role?

  • He/she is the person responsible for achieving maximum business value for the project. He or she is also responsible for articulating customer requirements and maintaining business justification for the project. They represent the Voice of the customer.
  • He/she is a facilitator who ensures that the Scrum Team is provided with an environment conducive to completing the project successfully. They guide, facilitate, and teach Scrum practices to everyone involved in the project; clear impediments for the team and ensure that Scrum processes are being followed
  • She/he is responsible for creating the Deliverables of the project.
  • He/she is responsible for coordinating Scrum-related activities in large projects which may require multiple Scrum Teams to work in parallel.

How many phases are there in Scrum?

  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7

Every Scrum cycle begins with a _____________ meeting.

  • Release Planning
  • Sprint Planning
  • Retrospective Sprint
  • Project Vision

Which of the following statements best describes Empirical Process Control?

  • This principle emphasizes the core philosophy of Scrum based on the three main ideas of transparency, inspection, and adaptation.
  • This principle focuses on today’s workers, who deliver significantly greater value when encouraged to self-organize rather than be subject to the command and control style of traditional project management.
  • This principle focuses on the three core dimensions related to collaborative work: awareness, articulation, and appropriation. It also advocates project management as a shared value-creation process with teams working and interacting together to deliver the greatest value
  • This principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout.

Organization in Scrum is __________

  • Flat-hierarchical
  • Dictative
  • Controlled
  • Self-organized

How many categories of risks are defined in Scrum?

  • 2
  • 5
  • 1
  • 7

Which principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout?

  • Empirical Process Control
  • Collaboration
  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Self-organization

Which of the following meetings is not usually Time-boxed?

  • Daily Standup
  • Scrum of Scrums
  • Sprint Planning Meeting
  • Sprint Review

Scrum promotes an easy and transparent flow of information throughout the organization. Transparency is depicted through which of the following Scrum practices?

  • Planning Poker.
  • Release Planning Schedule.
  • Estimate Tasks.
  • Sprint Retrospect Meeting.

Which of the following statements best describes Self-organization?

  • This principle describes how time is considered a limiting constraint in Scrum, and used to help effectively manage project planning and execution. Time-boxed elements in Scrum include Sprints, Daily Standup Meetings, Sprint Planning Meetings, and Sprint Review Meetings
  • This principle focuses on today’s workers, who deliver significantly greater value when encouraged to self-organize rather than be subject to the command and control style of traditional project management.
  • This principle focuses on the three core dimensions related to collaborative work: awareness, articulation, and appropriation. It also advocates project management as a shared value-creation process with teams working and interacting together to deliver the greatest value
  • This principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout.

Flexibility in Scrum is NOT achieved through which of the following?

  • Iterative product development
  • Customer value-based prioritization
  • Time-boxing
  • High velocity

Which of the following roles is described as a Core role in Scrum?

  • Stakeholder
  • Chief Product Owner
  • Chief Scrum Master
  • Scrum Master

Scrum follows the ________ style of management and is very different from the traditional management of projects

  • Autocratic
  • Decentralized
  • Persuasive
  • Paternalistic

Which document is created in the Create Project Vision process?

  • Product Backlog
  • Project Vision statement
  • Business case
  • Acceptance criteria

What type of leadership is used in Scrum?

  • Collaborative
  • Command and control
  • Transactional
  • Transformational

Which of the following statements on Scrum team is INCORRECT?

  • A Scrum team generally has 6-10 members.
  • A Scrum Team should be in place before the project is initiated.
  • A Scrum Team will create the deliverables of the project.
  • Length of the Sprint will be agreed between the Product Owner and the Scrum Team.

As defined in the SBOK, which of the following is a Scrum Aspect?

  • Initiate
  • Organization
  • Scope
  • Plan

As defined in the SBOK, which of the following is a Scrum Process?

  • Release
  • Business Justification
  • Create Deliverables
  • Delegate Responsibilities

As defined in the SBOK, which of the following a Scrum Principle?

  • Create Sprint Backlog
  • Business Justification
  • Review and Retrospect
  • Value-based Prioritization

Which of the following best defines a project?

  • A collaborative enterprise to either create new products or services or to deliver results as defined in the Project Vision Statement.
  • A group of related projects, with the objective to deliver business outcomes as defined in the Program Vision Statement.
  • A collaborative enterprise to sustain the improvements introduced in the operations of an organization.
  • A group of related programs, with the objective to deliver business outcomes as defined in the Portfolio Vision Statement.

As defined in the SBOK, which of the following is a phase in Scrum projects?

  • Release
  • Starting up
  • Delivering
  • Monitoring

Which of the following is NOT an advantage of using Scrum to deliver projects?

  • It makes projects adaptable and open to incorporating change.
  • It minimizes non-essential work and leads to higher efficiency levels.
  • It leads to greater levels of motivation among employees.
  • It ensures that all the benefits are delivered at the end of the project.

Which of the following meetings is conducted at the beginning of a Project?

  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting
  • Daily Standup Meeting
  • Project Vision Meeting
  • Sprint Review Meeting

Which of the following is an output of the Project Vision  Meeting?

  • Product Backlog
  • Acceptance criteria
  • Project Vision Statement
  • Roles and Responsibilities

Who among the following creates the Prioritized Product Backlog?

  • Product Owner
  • Customer
  • Scrum Team
  • Scrum Master

Which of the following statements on Scrum framework is TRUE?

  • Focuses on detailed upfront project planning.
  • Allows Scrum Teams to take ownership of tasks.
  • Enables delegation of authority from one level to another.
  • Emphasizes individual accountability rather than group accountability.

Which of the following meetings is conducted at the end of a Sprint to analyze improvement opportunities for the future Sprints?

  • Sprint Review Meeting
  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting
  • Sprint Planning Meeting
  • Daily Standup Meeting

What is sustainable pace?

  • The pace at which the Scrum Team can work and sustain comfortably for an indefinite period of time.
  • The pace at which the Scrum Team converts User Stories into deliverables in a Sprint.
  • The pace at which the Scrum Team releases project deliverables.
  • The pace at which the Scrum Team can work and sustain comfortably in a set of Sprints leading to a product release.

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of using Scrum?

  • Ensures that the highest value requirements of the customer are satisfied first as it works on the principle of value-based prioritization.
  • Leads to a high trust work environment ensuring low friction among employees as it promotes transparency and collaboration.
  • Leads to an innovative and creative work environment as it creates an environment of introspection, learning and adaptation.
  • Ensures that products are developed over an agreed period of time as it emphasizes detailed planning at the beginning of the project.

Which of the following is a benefit of using Scrum?

  • It enables detailed planning at the beginning of the project hence ensures that all the risks are identified and mitigated.
  • It provides complete control over the project to the Product Owner as he is responsible for all the product development activities in a Sprint.
  • It is based on the principle value-based prioritization thus ensures that highest value is provided in the shortest period possible.
  • It is based on the principle of managing by stages thus ensures that all the expected benefits are realized at the end of the project.

Which of the following processes facilitates coordination among Scrum Teams in a Scrum project?

  • Create Project Vision process
  • Develop Epics process
  • Retrospect Sprint process
  • Conduct and Coordinate Sprints

Scrum framework is best suited for which of the following projects?

  • Projects with fixed scope and timelines.
  • Projects with changing requirements.
  • Projects with stable requirements.
  • Projects with defined roles and responsibilities.

Which of the following is NOT an advantage of delivering projects using Scrum?

  • Scrum ensures an open work environment through information radiators such as Scrumboard.
  • Scrum ensures faster resolution to issues through collaboration and colocation of development teams.
  • Scrum ensures a customer-oriented framework through collaborative approach and emphasis on business value.
  • Scrum ensures better coordination among teams through an hierarchical organization structure which delegates authority for all the project aspects from higher level to the lower.

Which of the following Scrum principles guides planning in a Scrum project?

  • Empirical Process Control
  • Value-based prioritization
  • Self-organization
  • Collaboration

What is self-organization?

  • It refers to emphasizing achieving results by focusing on the needs of the Scrum Team.
  • It refers to delivering maximum business value in a minimum time span.
  • It refers to prioritizing creation of high value deliverables over lower value deliverables
  • It refers to allowing all facets of Scrum process to be observed by everyone.

What is value-based prioritization?

  • It refers to emphasizing achieving results by focusing on the needs of the Scrum Team.
  • It refers to making improvements through adaptation.
  • It refers to prioritizing creation of high value deliverables over lower value deliverables
  • It refers to allowing all facets of Scrum process to be observed by everyone.

What is time-boxing?

  • It refers to emphasizing achieving results by focusing on the needs of the Scrum Team.
  • It refers to delivering maximum business value in a minimum time span.
  • It refers to prioritizing creation of high value deliverables over lower value deliverables
  • It refers to fixing a certain amount of time for each process and activity in a Scrum project.

What is iterative development?

  • It refers to using more than one product development cycle to develop the final project deliverables through the learning from the previous development cycles.
  • It refers to developing the final project deliverables in one product development cycle.
  • It refers to developing project deliverables using automated processes.
  • It refers to developing project outputs through detailed upfront planning with emphasis on fixing scope, quality and other project aspects.

What of the following best defines collaboration?

  • It refers to individual Scrum Team members being aware of each other’s work.
  • It refers to the Scrum Core Team working together and interfacing with the stakeholders to create and validate the deliverables of the project to meet the stated goals.
  • It refers to achieving results by focusing on the needs of the Scrum Team.
  • It refers to proposes fixing a certain amount of time for each process and activity in a Scrum project.

Which of the following is emphasized in Scrum framework?

  • Self-motivation and team responsibility.
  • Delegation of authority through proper planning.
  • Individual responsibilities and accountability.
  • Extensive upfront planning and adherence to the approved plans.

Which of the following is a style of management used in Scrum framework?

  • 1. Authoritarian.    Between 1 and 2
  • 2. Decentralized
  • 3. Persuasive
  • 4. Assertive

Time-boxing is not done in which of the following meetings?

  • Daily Standup Meeting
  • Sprint Planning Meeting
  • Retrospect Project Meeting
  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting

Which of the following statements on Time-boxing is INCORRECT?

  • It proposes fixing certain timeframe for each activity.
  • It ensures that Scrum Team members do not take up too much or too little work for a particular period of time.
  • It is a principle through which Scrum framework addresses the project constraint of ‘time’.
  • It ensures that there is detailed upfront planning before every Sprint begins.

Which of the following does not aid in ensuring transparency in a Scrum project?

  • Scrum ensures that the project has an open Prioritized Product Backlog with prioritized User Stories that can be viewed by everyone, both within and outside the Scrum Team.
  • Scrum ensures that there is clear visibility into the team’s progress through the use of a Scrumboard, Burndown Chart, and other information radiators.
  • Scrum ensures transparency through detailed upfront planning in which all the key stakeholders participate.
  • Scrum ensures transparency through a Project Vision Statement that is visible to all the internal and external stakeholders.

Which of the following pairs, related to Tuckman’s Model of Group Dynamics, is INCORRECTLY matched?

  • Storming: Team tries to accomplish work
  • Forming: Team is mature with experience
  • Norming: Team begins to sort out internal differences
  • Performing: Team’s efficiency is at its optimal level

According to SBOK, which of the following is NOT a core dimension of Collaboration?

  • Adaptation
  • Appropriation
  • Articulation
  • Awareness

Which of the following is NOT an example of the Scrum principle ‘Empirical Process Control’?

  • Use of Scrumboard to ensure clear visibility into the Scrum Team’s progress.
  • Use of Release Planning Schedule to ensure coordination across multiple Scrum Teams.
  • Use of Prioritized Product Backlog to be viewed by internal and external stakeholders.
  • Use of fixed amount of time for each process and activity in a Scrum project.

All the following statements on Scrum Team are correct, EXCEPT:

  • Provides inputs to creation of Collaboration Plan.
  • Estimates User Stories approved by the Product Owner.
  • Prioritizes items in the Prioritized Product Backlog.  (Possible)
  • Develops Task List.

Through which of the following is Inspection in Scrum NOT depicted?

  • Determination of order and separation of what is done now from what is to be done later.
  • Use of information radiators to show the progress of the Scrum Team on completing the tasks in a Sprint.
  • Collection of feedback from the customer and other stakeholders to ensure continuous improvement.
  • Approval of completed deliverables after verification for compliance with Acceptance Criteria.

Through which of the following is Inspection in Scrum NOT depicted?

  • Determination of order and separation of what is done now from what is to be done later.
  • Use of information radiators to show the progress of the Scrum Team on completing the tasks in a Sprint.
  • Collection of feedback from the customer and other stakeholders to ensure continuous improvement.
  • Approval of completed deliverables after verification for compliance with Acceptance Criteria.

Which of the following statements on colocation is INCORRECT?

  • It results in low number of frictions among the Scrum Team members.
  • It facilitates formal and informal interaction among the team members.
  • It enables the team members to coordinate, resolve issues and learn from past experience.
  • It enables determination of the order and separation of what must be done now, from what needs to be done later in a Sprint.

Which of the following is NOT a principle of Scrum?

  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Time-boxing
  • Stage-by-stage project delivery
  • Self-organization

In Scrum, a short concentrated work cycle is called a/an _______

  • Phase
  • Process
  • Stage
  • Sprint

What are the 6 Scrum principles?

  • Empirical Process Control, Self-organization, Collaboration, Value-based Prioritization, Time-boxing, Iterative Development
  • Empirical Process Control, Self-organization, Collaboration, Value-based Prioritization, Time-mapping, Iterative Development
  • Empirical Process Control, Self-organization, Collaboration, Cost-based Prioritization, Time-mapping, Iterative Development
  • Empirical Process Control, Self-organization, Collaboration, Cost-based Prioritization, Time-mapping, Cyclic Development

Scrum follows the ________ style of management and is very different from the traditional management of projects

  • Autocratic
  • Decentralized
  • Persuasive
  • Paternalistic

While discussing the concept of Transparency in Empirical Process Control, which of the following is NOT an Artifact?

  • Project Vision Statement.
  • Epic(s).
  • Prioritized Product Backlog.
  • Release Planning Schedule.

If it were true, which of the following would NOT foster transparency in Scrum projects?

  • The Project Vision Statement can be accessed by all stakeholders and the Scrum Team.
  • The Prioritized Product Backlog with prioritized User Stories that can be viewed within and outside the Scrum Team.
  • The Release Planning Schedule can be coordinated with multiple Scrum Teams.
  • Burndown charts can be viewed only by the Scrum Team and the Scrum Master.

Which of the following is not a key role in Scrum?

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Team manager
  • Scrum Team Member

Which of the following is NOT a main idea in Empirical Process Control?

  • Transparency
  • Inspection
  • Association
  • Adaptation

Every Scrum cycle begins with a _____________ meeting.

  • Release Planning
  • Sprint Planning
  • Retrospective Sprint
  • Project Vision

Which of the following is NOT a Scrum principle?

  • Empirical Process Control
  • Self-organization
  • Risk-based Prioritization
  • Collaboration

The Product Owner selects team members in collaboration with the __________.

  • Program Product Owner
  • Chief Scrum Master
  • Scrum Master
  • Program Scrum Master

What is the ideal size of a Scrum team as recommended in the SBOK Guide?

  • 1 – 4 members
  • 6 – 10 members
  • 15 – 20 members
  • Size of team depends on size and complexity of project

Quality Assurance in Scrum is _________ centric

  • Process
  • Customer
  • Product
  • Project

Which of the following is NOT an objective of the Retrospect Sprint Meeting?

  • Identify things that the team needs to keep doing that can serve as best practices.
  • Identify things the team needs to stop doing to process problems and bottlenecks.
  • Identify team members who were vital to the success of the Sprint.
  • Identify things that the team needs to begin doing.

. Which of the following roles is described as a Core role in Scrum?

  • Stakeholder
  • Chief Product Owner
  • Chief Scrum Master
  • Scrum Master

Which concept is the basis of the Business Justification aspect in Scrum?

  • Risk-driven delivery
  • Value-driven delivery
  • Time-driven delivery
  • Change-drive delivery

Which of the following Scrum aspects translate(s) the Scrum principle Value-based Prioritization into practice?

A. Business Justification
B. Risk
C. Change
D. Organization

  • A
  • A, C and D
  • A, B and C
  • A, B, C and D

Who can use the SBOK as a reference and knowledge guide?

  • Only experienced Scrum practitioners
  • Best suited for people with no prior experience or knowledge of Scrum or other project management methodology..
  • Neither experienced Scrum practitioners nor inexperienced people can use it.
  • Both experienced Scrum practitioners as well as people with no prior experience or knowledge of Scrum or other project management methods.

What is the basis of performance measurement in Scrum?

  • Plan conformity
  • Business value
  • Team performance
  • Attrition Level

Which meeting ends a Sprint?

  • Stakeholder Meeting
  • Daily Standup Meeting
  • Sprint Review Meeting
  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting

Which of the following is the final step in a Sprint?

  • Prioritized Product Backlog Grooming
  • Sprint Review Meeting
  • Scrum of Scrums Meeting
  • Retrospect Sprint Meeting

Collaboration is one of the Scrum principles. Which of the following are the three dimensions of this principle?

  • Awareness, Articulation, and Appropriation.
  • Transparency, Precision, and Coordination.
  • Perfection, Cooperation, and Comprehension.
  • Honesty, Responsiveness, and Adaptability.

Which of the following roles is described as a non-Core role in Scrum?

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Team
  • Chief Scrum Master
  • Scrum Master

Which of the following are the core dimensions of collaborative work?

  • Awareness, Articulation, and Appropriation.
  • Aspects, Articulation, and Assurance.
  • Awareness, Adaptation, and Appropriation.
  • Aspects, Adaptation, and Artifacts.

Who is responsible for coordinating the work of multiple Product Owners?

  • Scrum Master
  • Product Owner
  • Chief Product Owner
  • Vendor

How many aspects in Scrum are to be considered for all projects?

  • 8
  • 4
  • 5
  • 7

The Conduct Daily Standup process is a part of which phase?

  • Initiate
  • Plan and Estimate
  • Implement
  • Review and Retrospect

Which role in Scrum represents the Voice of the Customer?

  • Scrum Master
  • Scrum Team
  • Team Leader
  • Product Owner

Risks should be identified, assessed, and responded to based on which two factors?

  • Possibility and Impact
  • Probability and Impact
  • Change and Impact
  • Probability and Severity

Which principle is used to help effectively manage project planning and execution?

  • Time-Boxing
  • Collaboration
  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Self-organization

Which process helps in progressive improvement of requirements?

  • Conduct Daily Standup
  • Ship Deliverables
  • Groom Prioritized Product Backlog
  • Retrospect Sprint

When does the Scrum Team discuss progress updates.

  • Conduct Daily Standup
  • Create Project Vision
  • Create Deliverables
  • Groom Prioritized Product Backlog

Which role is identified in the Create Project Vision process?

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Stakeholder
  • Scrum Team

Which role is primarily responsible for the Business Justification aspect in a Scrum project?

  • Scrum Team
  • Scrum Master
  • Product Owner
  • Chief Scrum Master

Which type of management style is followed in Scrum?

  • Autocratic
  • Decentralized
  • Persuasive
  • Paternalistic

Which principle in Scrum helps to manage changes and build products that satisfy customer needs?

  • Time-Boxing
  • Iterative Development
  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Self-organization

Which role in Scrum includes the customers, users, and sponsors, who frequently interact with the Scrum Core Team?

  • Vendor
  • Chief Product Owner
  • Scrum Guidance Body
  • Stakeholders

Which of the following statements best describes Collaboration?

  • This principle describes how time is considered a limiting constraint in Scrum, and used to help effectively manage project planning and execution. Time-boxed elements in Scrum include Sprints, Daily Standup Meetings, Sprint Planning Meetings, and Sprint Review Meetings
  • This principle focuses on today’s workers, who deliver significantly greater value when encouraged to self-organize rather than be subject to the command and control style of traditional project management.
  • This principle focuses on the three core dimensions related to collaborative work: awareness, articulation, and appropriation. It also advocates project management as a shared value-creation process with teams working and interacting together to deliver the greatest value
  • This principle highlights the focus of Scrum to deliver maximum business value, beginning early in the project and continuing throughout.

Which of the following pairs is incorrectly matched?

  • Prioritized delivery: Focus only on business value.
  • Appropriation: Adapting technology to one’s own situation.
  • Adaptation: Risk identification is performed and iterated throughout the project.
  • Collaboration: Stakeholders and development team interact continually.

A ________ is often used to track the status of the work and activities being carried out by the Scrum Team.

  • Sprint Burndown chart
  • Project Vision statement
  • Product Backlog
  • Scrumboard

Which of the following ensure transparency in Scrum?

A. Scrumboard
B. Impediment Log
C. Daily Standup
D. Video Conferencing

  • A, B and C
  • A, C and D
  • A, B, C and D
  • Only A

Which of the following statements on colocation is INCORRECT?

  • It results in low number of frictions among the Scrum Team members.
  • It facilitates formal and informal interaction among the team members.
  • It enables the team members to coordinate, resolve issues and learn from past experience.
  • It enables determination of the order and separation of what must be done now, from what needs to be done later in a Sprint.

Which of the following is NOT a principle of Scrum?

  • Value-based Prioritization
  • Time-boxing
  • Stage-by-stage project delivery
  • Self-organization

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